Background and Context
|Number or percentage of governmental jurisdictions that have healthy food procurement and/or vending policies and standards in place consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
|Number or percentage of governmental jurisdictions that provide nutrition education/nutrition resources at the point of enrollment for SNAP; e.g., 1) in offices [jurisdictional], 2) online [statewide], 3) by telephone [statewide]
|Number or percentage of governmental jurisdictions that create public-private partnerships to provide incentives for the local production and distribution of food (i.e., food grown within a day’s driving distance of the place of sale)2
|Number or percentage of governmental jurisdictions that have evidence-based policies and standards in place to support physical activity (e.g., establishment of bike-friendly transport facilities, use of point-of-decision prompts for stairwells)
|Number or percentage of communities that have achieved a nutrition or health element in their General Plan to improve access and/or opportunities in areas where residents are primarily low-income3
|Estimated number of people in the target population who have increased access to or are protected by the government policy or intervention:
What to Measure
- Written procurement policies and standards
- The routine mechanism through which nutrition education resources and/or referrals are made at each of the potential points of initial enrollment contact
- The funding sources of financial incentive contribution to promotion of local production and distribution of food, e.g., Double Up Food Bucks or similar program in the jurisdiction(s) of interest
- Written policies or built infrastructure supportive of physical activity
- Review General Plans when they undergo an update
Surveys and Data Collection Tools
- Contact one of the sources below to inquire about the policy and obtain a copy
- Office that maintains government-wide policies in jurisdiction of interest (e.g., city/county manager’s office, mayor’s office)
- Department of facilities management
- Purchasing staff person who manages the food service or vending contract for jurisdiction
- Contact the office in the jurisdiction(s) you are evaluating that enrolls SNAP applicants. At the state level, it may be called the Department of Social Services, Family and Social Services Administration, Health and Human Services Department, etc. A Google search term [State Name SNAP] should produce the agency name, and there should be contact information online. At the county or regional level, look for the County Welfare Office.
- Example: Arkansas – State level (https://humanservices.arkansas.gov/divisions-shared-services/county-operations/supplemental-nutrition-assistance-snap/) includes a direct link to online SNAP-Ed (https://www.uaex.uada.edu/life-skills-wellness/food-nutrition/eating-well/snap-ed.aspx ) and information about how to find a local SNAP-Ed program. For selected Arkansas County information, use the map URL for contact information https://humanservices.arkansas.gov/find-a-county-office/county-office-map/.
- The jurisdiction’s human resources office will be the best contact.
- Contact the jurisdiction(s) you are evaluating to see if they are a contributing funder to a farmers market SNAP-based incentive program.
- Double-Up Food Bucks is now operating in more than 25 states; contact them to see if they are operating in yours and follow up to see if your state health department or a local jurisdiction is supporting their efforts—firstname.lastname@example.org. https://www.doubleupfoodbucks.org/ (see MT12)
- Review General Plans in the jurisdictions of interest. Use Google to easily find a copy to review.
- An excellent resource published by ChangeLab Solutions provides many examples of the types of elements that would be regarded as improving access to healthy food and/or opportunity for physical activity for residents of low-income neighborhoods. See specific examples of what might be considered improvements under LT13, Government Investments and Incentives.
Additional evaluation tools to measure MT7 can be found in the SNAP-Ed Library.
Key Glossary Terms
Additional Resources or Supporting Citations
2 Martinez S, Hand M, Da Pra M, et al. Local Food Systems: Concepts, Impacts, and Issues. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service; May 2010. 80 p. ERR 97.
3 “Low-income” area will depend on the scope of the element defined by the General Plan. For example, it could be a set of census tracts in which 50 percent or more of the households have income less than 185 percent of the federal poverty level or it could be a city or federally designated zone of economic need. The improvement does not have to only affect the low-income area, but the low-income area must be prioritized in the improvement.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Improving the Food Environment Through Nutrition Standards: A Guide for Government Procurement. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention; February 2011. 24 p.