*SNAP-Ed Priority Outcome Indicator
Background and Context
Unlike ST8—which focuses on multi-sector partnerships at the local, state, territorial, or tribal level—indicator ST7 defines partnerships at the site level (e.g., elementary school), organization (e.g., school district), or complementary sites. Organizational partnerships of relevance to SNAP-Ed may include school health advisory councils, wellness committees, and site councils that focus on bringing together collaborators and local champions (see ST6) to change the context or environment surrounding individual physical activity and nutrition choices offered to clients at the site. An organizational partnership may exist between a local SNAP-Ed provider and leadership of a local site; in some instances, a written agreement may delineate the roles and responsibilities of the SNAP-Ed provider and the site’s leadership. For instance, a local SNAP-Ed agency may agree to install a food garden at a senior housing site and teach seniors how to grow and harvest foods using seeds and starts they purchase with their SNAP dollars. The senior housing community site manager agrees to irrigate the garden and organize a shuttle bus to the local farmers market accepting SNAP for seniors to purchase seeds and plants that will produce food to eat.
Partnership evaluation can help to identify whether it is worth the SNAP-Ed staff time and resources to participate in an organizational partnership effort—as a member, or in some instances, as a lead or co-lead. Partnership strategies may include identifying new opportunities for partnership, sharing information and resources, participating in or leading meetings with partners, developing an action plan with partners, or tracking and communicating partnership outcomes.
For each partnership being evaluated, the following should be measured:
ST7b. Description of the depth of the relationship (network, cooperator, coordination, coalition, collaboration)
ST7c. Description of partnership accomplishments and lessons learned.
What to Measure
In this indicator, each organizational partnership should be assigned an environmental settings domain: eat, learn, live, play, shop, and work. This is to ensure that there is diversification of partnerships across the different types of settings relevant in SNAP-Ed. Some partnerships may affect multiple SNAP-Ed settings with representation from parks and recreation (Play) and school personnel (Learn).
Surveys and Data Collection Tools
Qualitative approaches through direct observation, content analysis, and documentation review can include one or more of the following methods to identify:
- Key informant interviews with partnership members to identify activities, partnership maturity level, barriers and success factors, and outcomes
- Key informant interviews with nonparticipating members to identify partnership activities and outcomes
- Content analysis of partnership communication, meeting minutes, and/or partnership plans
- Review of organizational chart or partnership structure
Cooperator: Organization assists with information such as referrals, providing space, distributing marketing and client education materials, and hosting events open to the clients and community members.
Coordination: Organization maintains autonomous leadership, but there is a common focus on group decision-making; emphasizes sharing resources to aid in the adoption of policy, systems, environmental changes, and associated promotion listed in MT5 and MT6.
Coalition: Organization has longer-term commitment to join action in adopting nutrition or physical activity practices, supports and/or standards. Key characteristics include: shared leadership, definition of roles, and generation of new resources.
Collaboration Organization: contributes to joint activities and has identified personnel who help advise and make decisions about effective strategies and interventions. Key characteristics include: a system with shared impacts, a consensus-decision making process, and formal role assignments.
CDC recommendation with the following questions:
- What is the purpose of the partnership (e.g., plan development and implementation, advisory group for a specific task or objective)?
- What does success look like for the partnership? Are there specific activities or objectives for the partnership?
- What roles do members need to fulfill? What resources or skills do they need to provide to ensure the success of your partnerships?
- What organizations, agencies, and leaders need to be represented to ensure success? What assets are needed?
Additional evaluation tools to measure ST7 can be found in the SNAP-Ed Library.
Key Glossary Terms
Additional Resources or Supporting Citations
Gregson J, Foerster SB, Orr R, Jones L, Benedict J, Clarke B, Hersey J, Lewis J, Zotz K. (2001). System, environmental, and policy changes: Using the social-ecological model as a framework for evaluating nutrition education and social marketing programs with low-income audiences. Journal of Nutrition Education, 33, S4-S15.