*SNAP-Ed Priority Outcome Indicator
Background and Context
While ST7 measures readiness and capacity for changes at the organizational level within SNAP-Ed sites and organizations (e.g., school building, public housing office, park, or food bank), ST8 assesses partnerships and coalitions at the local, state, territorial, or tribal level composed of at least five diverse sector representatives. See glossary for a definition of sectors.
Multi-sector partnerships or coalitions at the jurisdiction level include those operating and/or seeking to make changes at the local (e.g., community, district, parish, city, town, county, borough, and region), state, territorial/commonwealth, or tribal levels. Those operating at a local or community level may be defined by geographic, demographic, and/or civic/political boundaries. For example, a multi-sector coalition within a “community” could consist of the residents of a neighborhood, the members of a particular demographic group within a geographic region, or all individuals served by a group of community-based and/or governmental institutions.
A SNAP-Ed State Nutrition Action Council (SNAC) or relevant collective impact initiative can also be evaluated using ST8 measures.
For each multi-sector partnership or coalition being evaluated, the following should be measured:
ST8a. Types and number of organizations or individuals per sector represented
ST8b. Documented level of multi-sector representation of the partnership (as documented by partners)
ST8c. Documented level of active engagement of the partnership
ST8d. Level of influence of SNAP-Ed in the partnership (as documented by partners)
What to Measure
- Types and number of sectors represented in the partnership or coalition (ST8a)
- Number of partner agencies within each sector, and the roles and resources contained within the partnership or coalition (ST8b)
- Stage of coalition or partnership maturity, as measured by the documented level of active engagement (ST8c).
- Partners’ assessment of the state or local SNAP-Ed Agency’s level of influence in the state, local, territorial, or tribal nutrition or obesity prevention partnership (ST8d)
- Network analytics documenting the overall level of integration and active participation of the partnership (ST8a-d), as measured by:
- Degree of communication within the partnership (communication network density)
- Degree of collaboration within the partnership (collaboration network density)
- Extent to which communication within the partnership is focused around one sector or one lead agency (communication network centralization)
- Extent to which collaboration within the partnership is focused around one sector or one lead agency (collaboration network centralization)
- Agencies with the strongest and weakest connections within the partnership (centrality)
- Level of influence of SNAP-Ed within the partnership, as measured by the centrality of the SNAP-Ed agency in the partnership (the degree to which the SNAP-Ed agency serves as an important link within the partnership)
While partnerships and coalitions of any maturity can be assessed, those in existence for more than 6 months may yield richer data when measuring dimensions ST8b-d.
Surveys and Data Collection Tools
Outcome Measures ST8a and ST8b [click to expand]
- Wilder Collaborative Factors Inventory
- Butterfoss Coalition Effectiveness Inventory
While not included in the measurement outcomes, if a coalition or partnership is in the very early stages, the following tool may also prove useful:
- CoalitionsWork Evaluability Assessment Tool
Outcome Measures ST8c and ST8d [click to expand]
- Levels of Collaboration Scale
A common, validated survey item for measuring the degree of collaboration within their partnership or coalition. The data generated by this measure are often used as the basis for a network analysis.
- The PARTNER tool
A network analysis (density, centrality, centralization), along with other partnership-specific measures, may be conducted using this free, online network analysis tool. It is specifically for community-based partnerships to use in assessing their partnership development. This tool assumes no knowledge of network analysis.
Additional evaluation tools to measure ST8 can be found in the SNAP-Ed Library.
Key Glossary Terms
Additional Resources or Supporting Citations
- CDC Fundamentals of Evaluating Partnerships
- CoalitionsWork – Additional Resources: http://coalitionswork.com/resources/