Target Behavior: Healthy Eating
Intervention Type: Direct Education
Intervention Reach and Adoption
Setting: School (Learn)
Target Audience: High School
Lesson materials include: Comprehensive lesson plans, PowerPoints, activities, handouts, and answer keys.
Statistical analyses of baseline and post-intervention surveys utilized aggregate scoring from survey responses to assess change in behaviors. Significant change in behaviors was noted in the following areas: increase in reported consumption of 100% fruit juice, non-fried potatoes, carrots, and a decrease in consumption of soda after the completion of the intervention. A knowledge and attitude survey added to the YRBS in years two and three showed significant improvements in knowledge and attitude. For instance, students showed a significant improvement in selecting the correct answers for specific questions, including that as part of a healthy they should try to eat a variety of foods from the five food groups, they should try to exercise at least 60 minutes/day and that soda contains “empty calories.” Significant improvement was seen in student attitude by selecting that they would take the stairs if they went to a shopping mall. In addition to these changes, anecdotal observations were made that support the findings, specifically, students verbally volunteered that they were eating more vegetables, and after receiving the Drinks lesson, many students said they would not drink soda, demonstrating a personal motivation to make healthy changes.
Evidence-based Approach: Research-tested
|Readiness and Capacity – Short Term (ST)||Changes – Medium Term (MT)||Effectiveness and Maintenance – Long Term (LT)||Population Results (R)|
|Sectors of Influence|
MT1: Healthy Eating
- MT1l: Students reported improvements in vegetable intake. There was a 18.5% decline in the number of students reporting they did not eat potatoes in the last seven days and a 13.0% increase was seen in the consumption of potatoes (Does not count French fries, fried potatoes, or potato chips) at any time during the previous week. There was a 5.6% decline in the number of students reporting that they did not eat carrots in the past week, and an overall 11.2% increase in any carrot consumption over the past week. Increases in potato and carrot consumption suggest an increase in vegetable consumption.
- MT1h: There was a 12.2% increase in the number of students reporting that they did not drink soda in the past seven days (p=0.033). A 29.4% reduction was seen in the number of students who reported consuming soda 4 or more times a day, and a 17.7% reduction in the number of students who reported consuming soda 3 or more times a day.
This tool is available here: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379710005866?via%3Dihub