Target Behavior: Physical Activity
Intervention Type: Direct Education, PSE Change
Intervention Reach and Adoption
Target Audience: High School, Parents/Mothers/Fathers, Other: School Staff
- Modifying physical education classes to meet the needs of girls
- Including behavioral skills for physical activity in health education classes
- Promoting faculty/staff wellness and physical activity
- Involving School Health Services and the entire school environment in promoting physical activity
- Using family and community resources to increase physical activity outside of school
The program is coordinated by a LEAP team, which consists of individuals representing a variety of areas of the school community, using the ASAP approach:
- Assess the school instruction and environment
- Select the focus for change
- Act on the Plan
- At follow-up, a higher percentage of girls in LEAP intervention schools reported vigorous physical activity during an average of one or more 30-minute time blocks during a three-day period compared to girls in control schools (45% vs 36%). http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/full/10.2105/AJPH.2004.045807
- A higher percentage of girls in high-implementing schools reported vigorous physical activity during an average of one or more 30-minute time blocks during a three-day period compared to girls in low-implementing and control schools (48, 40, and 36% respectively).
- High-implementing schools reported significantly higher organizational level practices for two of the nine LEAP essential elements (having a physical activity team and having a faculty-staff health promotion program) than low-implementing and control schools. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0149718906000826
|Readiness and Capacity – Short Term (ST)||Changes – Medium Term (MT)||Effectiveness and Maintenance – Long Term (LT)||Population Results (R)|
|Environmental Settings||ST5, ST6, ST7||MT6||LT6, LT8, LT9, LT10, LT11|
|Sectors of Influence|
Process Evaluation Instruments:
- Record Review – 35-item instrument used to review documentation by LEAP intervention staff on areas such as evidence for all 16 LEAP essential elements, having adequate budget and space for PE, school grounds having physical activity facilities available, and recognition of PE program.
- Direct Observation Checklist – 25-item observational tool assessing areas such as seven essential elements specific to PE, messages promoting physical activity, inclusion of warm-up activities in PE, and reinforcing out-of-class physical activity for girls.
- LEAP Criteria – instruments used to assess all 16 LEAP essential elements based on staff records, observations, and interactions with intervention schools at the end of each academic year.
Organizational Assessment Instrument:
- Organizational Assessment Interview – 22-item interview conducted with a school administrator to assess organizational-level components of LEAP, along with events and activities that could affect project outcomes. The interviews lasted 10-15 minutes.
Participant Outcome Instruments:
- 3-day physical activity recall (3DPAR) – self-reported questionnaire that assess physical activity over the previous three days. sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0149718906000826
USC Children’s Physical Activity Research Group
921 Assembly Street
Columbia, SC 29208
Phone: (803) 777-3362