Target Behavior: Healthy Eating, Food Insecurity/Food Assistance
Intervention Type: PSE Change
Intervention Reach and Adoption
Setting: Food Pantry Clients
Target Audience: Homeless/Food Pantry Clients
- NEFPAT tool and training video/documents
- Process and strategies map
- Sample follow-up report and action plan
- Technical Assistance Resource Guide
- Implementation resources (English and Spanish), sample policies, flyers, shelf-talkers, produce handling/storage materials, healthy donation templates, food prep videos, photo recipes, etc.
Additional implementation materials are released as developed. A website to host resource is currently under construction.
In a peer-reviewed Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior publication, the NEFPAT was found to be a content valid and interrater reliable instrument for evaluating the food pantry nutrition environment. The overall tool and each of its objectives had high content validity when evaluated by emergency food experts. The average rating of each objective was 3.9 out of 4.0, ± 0.1. Interviews with pilot-testers indicated NEFPAT was positively received and a valuable asset in the field. Pilot-testers suggested minor changes to increase clarity and collect pantry characteristics. Pilot-testers found that observations took ~20–30 minutes to complete, with additional time for pantry engagement. Developers determined that inter-rater reliability for NEFPAT was above the strong threshold (>0.7).
A follow-up publication in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior details pre/post NEFPAT scores from the IL pilot and statewide food pantry intervention phases, 2016-2018 and 2017-2020 respectively. Matched pre/post assessments were analyzed to evaluate changes in pantry nutrition environments after the provision of technical assistance by SNAP-Ed staff who collected data from and provided technical assistance to food pantries in their geographic area. Six staff conducted all NEFPAT observations in the pilot phase and 35 staff assessed and assisted pantries in the statewide phase. In the pilot phase, two objectives on the NEFPAT observation increased significantly among 23 pantries with pre/post data. In the statewide phase, most NEFPAT objectives and the overall NEFPAT score (22.12 +/- 8.16 vs 28.20 +/- 7.14, p <0.001) significantly increased among 66 pantries with pre/post data.
Evidence-based Approach: Research-tested
|Readiness and Capacity – Short Term (ST)||Changes – Medium Term (MT)||Effectiveness and Maintenance – Long Term (LT)||Population Results (R)|
|Sectors of Influence|
- ST5: Need and readiness
- ST5: 189 of pantry sites with documented readiness for change in PSE (2017 to current)
- MT5: Nutrition Supports
- MT5: 1488 nutrition supports adopted in Illinois
- MT5a: 253 pantries that adopted at least 1 PSE change in Illinois (2017 to present)
- MT5b: policy changes in Illinois (2017 to present)
- MT5c: 592 systems changes in Illinois (2017 to current)
- MT5e: 770 environmental changes in Illinois (2017 to current)
- LT5c: 71 pantries show improved NEFPAT scores and made a least one PSE change (2017 to current)
Caitlin Kownacki – Senior Program Lead