NOTE: Portions of this program may be SNAP-Ed appropriate. It could be done in collaboration with others. The costs of the home visits may be prohibitive.
Target Behavior: Healthy Eating, Physical Activity
Intervention Type: Direct Education
Intervention Reach and Adoption
Target Audience: Preschool (<5 years old), Parents/Mothers/Fathers
Race/Ethnicity: Native Americans/Alaska Natives
- Changes in weight-for-height z scores showed a trend towards significance with children in the OPPS group decreasing and the PS group increasing (-0.27 ± 1 vs 0.31 ± 1.1, p=0.06).
- Children in the OPPS group significantly decreased energy intake compared to children in the PS group (-316 ± 835 kcal/day vs 197 ± 608 kcal/day, p <0.05).
- Mothers in the OPPS group engaged in less restrictive child feeding practices overtime, with the restriction scores on the Child Feeding Questionnaire significantly decreasing (-0.22 ±42 vs. 0.08 ± 0.63, p<0.05).
|Readiness and Capacity – Short Term (ST)||Changes – Medium Term (MT)||Effectiveness and Maintenance – Long Term (LT)||Population Results (R)|
|Individual||ST1, ST3||MT1, MT3||LT1,LT3|
|Sectors of Influence|
- Height and weight were used to calculate weight-for-height z scores using Epi Info 2000 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA)
- Diet was assessed for mothers and children using 3-day food records.
- Physical activity in mothers and children was assessed using TriTrac accelerometers (TriTrac-R3D Research Ergometer; Hemokinetics, Inc., Madison WI).
- Determinants of maternal eating and physical activity behavior were assessed through surveys.
- The Child Feeding Questionnaire was used to assess child feeding beliefs and practices.
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences
University of Vermont, 109 Carrigan Dr
250 Carrigan Wing
Burlington, VT 05405-0148
Phone: (802) 656-0668