Target Behavior: Healthy Eating, Physical Activity
Intervention Type: Direct Education, PSE Change
Intervention Reach and Adoption
Target Audience: Elementary School
- Nutrition education and promotion: Development and implementation of a nutrition education curriculum (Discovering Healthy Choices, adapted from the Nutrition to Grow curriculum), cooking demonstrations (Cooking Up Healthy Choices), physical activity education (Healthy Choices in Motion), and instructional school gardens.
- Family and community partnerships: Using promotional and reinforcing materials like family newsletters. Newsletters (Team Up for Families and the newly developed Healthy Choices at Home) had 8 lessons to reinforce SHCP components, and at least 1 health fair is held at each intervention school.
- Foods available on school campus: Increasing healthy foods available in schools by creating/promoting salad bars and sourcing local, healthy foods to include on menus.
- School wellness policy: Establish a school wellness committee including school staff, parents, and community members to guide program planning, implementation, and sustainability.
*It should be noted that the Best Practices manual indicates the 4 program components above, while the Methods publication indicates an additional component: Supporting Regional Agriculture.
- SHCP in Action Best Practices Guide: https://cns.ucdavis.edu/content/shcp/bestpractices/bestpractices.pdf
- Cooking Up Health Choices Curriculum: https://cns.ucdavis.edu/content/shcp/cooking/cooking_up_healthy_choices.pdf
- Discovering Healthy Choices Curriculum: https://cns.ucdavis.edu/programs/shcp/curriculum.html
- Team Up for Families Newsletters: https://cns.ucdavis.edu/programs/shcp/newsletter.html
- Healthy Choices in Motion Curriculum: https://cns.ucdavis.edu/resources/classroom/healthy-choices-in-motion
- Healthy Choices at Home Newsletters: https://cns.ucdavis.edu/programs/shcp/newsletter
Potential Benefits for Students
- Increases nutrition knowledge and use of critical thinking skills
- Improves dietary patterns and physical activity
- Improves overall health
Potential Benefits for Schools
- Helps fulfill federally mandated district wellness policies
- Adheres to Common Core State Standards and Next Generation Science Standards
- Assists with the fulfillment of HealthierUS School Challenge requirements
Additional Publications and Reports:
- Fetter, DS, Linnell, JD, Dharmar, M, Bergman, JJ, Byrnes, M, Gerdes, M, Ruiz, LD, Pang, N, Lawry-Hall, S, Pressman, J, Chapman, J, and Scherr, RE. Using Theory to Develop Healthy Choices in Motion, an Experiential Physical Activity Curriculum. Frontiers in Public Health Education and Promotion. In Press.
- Ruiz, LD, Brian, KM, Scherr, RE. Lessons Learned: Implementing the Shaping Healthy Choices Program using Teenagers as Teachers. Journal of Youth Development. Journal of Youth Development. In Press.
- Fetter, DS, Scherr, RE, Linnell, JD, Dharmar, M, Schaefer, SE, and Zidenberg-Cherr, S. Effect of the Shaping Healthy Choices Program, a Multi-Component, School-Based Nutrition Intervention, on Physical Activity Intensity. Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2018.1436477.
- Bergman, JJ, Linnell, JD, Scherr, RE, Ginsburg, DC, Brian, KM, Carter, R, Donohue, SS, Klisch, S, Lawry-Hall, S, Pressman, J, Soule, K, and Zidenberg-Cherr, S. Feasibility of Implementing a School Nutrition Intervention That Addresses Policies, Systems, and Environment. Journal of Extension. 2018. 56(1): 1FEA6.
- Linnell, JD, Smith, MH, Briggs, M, Scherr, RE, Brian, KM, and Zidenberg-Cherr, S. Building the Capacity of Classroom Teachers as Extenders of Nutrition Education through Extension: Evaluating a Professional Development Model. Journal of Human Sciences and Extension. 2018. 6(1): 58-75.
- Taylor, JC, Scherr, RE, Linnell, JD, Feenstra, G, and Zidenberg-Cherr, S. Impact of a multi-component, school-based nutrition intervention on students’ lunchtime fruit and vegetable availability consumption: a randomized-trial of the Shaping Healthy Choices Program. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition. (2017): 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/19320248.2017.1374899§
- Scherr, R.E., Dharmar, M. Linnell, J., Smith, M.H., Briggs, M., Bergman, J., Brian, K., Feenstra, G., Hillhouse, J.C., Keen, C.L., Beccarelli, L.M., Ontai, L.L., Schaefer, S.E., Spezzano, T., Steinberg, F.M, Sutter, C., Young, H.M., and Zidenberg-Cherr, S. A Multicomponent, School-Based Intervention, the Shaping Healthy Choices Program, Improves Nutrition-Related Outcomes. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2017. 49(5)368-379.e1. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2016.12.007
- Linnell, JD, Smith, MH, Briggs, M, Brian, KM, Scherr, RE, Dharmar, M, and Zidenberg-Cherr, S. Evaluating the relationships between teacher characteristics, implementation factors, and student outcomes among children participating in an experiential school-based program. Pedagogy in Health Promotion. 2016. DOI: 10.1177/2373379916649603
- Scherr RE, Linnell JD, Smith MH, et al. The Shaping Healthy Choices Program: Design and Implementation Methodologies for a Multicomponent, School-Based Nutrition Education Intervention. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2014;46(6):e13-e21.
- Linnell JD, Zidenberg-Cherr S, Briggs M, Scherr RE, Brian KM, Hillhouse C, Smith MH. Using a Systematic Approach and Theoretical Framework to Design a Curriculum for the Shaping Healthy Choices J Nutr Educ Behav. 2016 Jan;48(1):60-9.
|Readiness and Capacity – Short Term (ST)||Changes – Medium Term (MT)||Effectiveness and Maintenance – Long Term (LT)||Population Results (R)|
|Individual||ST1, ST3||MT1, MT2||LT1, LT3|
|Environmental Settings||ST5, ST6, ST7||MT5, MT6||LT5, LT6, LT10|
|Sectors of Influence||MT9|
Citations for all the evaluations measures are available in the methods paper listed in the evidence summary. Evaluation materials will be provided upon request.
Center for Nutrition in Schools
Nutrition Department, University of California, Davis