Target Behavior: Healthy Eating
Intervention Type: Direct Education
Intervention Reach and Adoption
Setting: Child care (Learn)
Target Audience: Preschool (<5 years), Parents/Mothers/Fathers
Race/Ethnicity: Special focus on Asian, Black or African American, and White communities
- Lessons for each of the 10 weekly lessons with educator aides and scripts
- Lists of all equipment and supplies
- Photos of the display boards
- Syllabus for the supporting three-credit service-learning class
- Supporting videos (not part of the original intervention)
- Overview of the intervention used to evaluate the program and publications
- Description of the role of the SNAP-Ed manager
Material are available on the SNAP4CT Husky Nutrition Curriculum webpage.
Results of the intervention:
- In total, 367 parent/child dyads (77.9%) completed both the 10-week program and three-month follow-up.
- Of the 367 parent/child dyads, 260 had a child that consumed greater than two ounces of SD (sugary drinks) at baseline (70.8%).
- Among children who were consumers and had a parent in the intervention group (n=133), 69.9% decreased intake at three-month post intervention, with 57.9% having a decrease of at least two ounces.
- For parents of children with SDI (sugary drink intake) at baseline, information (p<0.001) and behavior scores (p<0.001) significantly increased following the intervention.
- Increases in information (p<0.001), but not behavior scores (p=.22), were significant when compared to parents in the control group.
Lessons learned related to data collection and analyses:
- Large range of beverages available in the home (>3500 types)
- Beverages can be allotted to specific family members
- Beverages can have cultural specificity
- Beverages can have non-commercial sourcing (beverages prepared from home recipes)
- Powdered beverages in the home complicate analyses (converting the total available to fluid ounces inflates the total inventory)
- Almost 30% of parents who enrolled in the study served their child less than two ounces of sugary drinks daily
- Household inventories of sugary drinks designated for the child did not decrease, even when child sugary drink intake decreased (suggesting low resource households may be reluctant to dispose of infrequently consumed food)
Evidence-based Approach: Research-tested
|Readiness and Capacity – Short Term (ST)||Changes – Medium Term (MT)||Effectiveness and Maintenance – Long Term (LT)||Population Results (R)|
|Sectors of Influence|
ST1: Healthy Eating
- ST1l: Motivation scores for parents of children with SDI at baseline did not increase significantly at three-months post intervention, when compared to baseline (Mean =0.017, p=.717)
- ST1l: Information scores for parents of children with SDI at baseline significantly increased by an average of 0.203 when measured three-months post intervention (p<0.001)
MT1: Healthy Eating
- MT1h: 9% (494/707) of preschool-age children decreased their daily SDI at the three-month follow-up (six months from baseline)
- MT1h: 57.9% (409/707) of preschool-age children who consumed SD at baseline decreased SDI by greater than two ounces per day at three-month follow-up
- MT1h: Behavior scores for parents of children with sugary drink intake at baseline significantly increased by an average of 0.162 when measured three-months post intervention (p<0.001)
- Parent: IMB Survey for Sugary Drinks, Home Beverage Inventory, Weekend Food Recall, Child Feeding Practices, Food Security Questionnaire, Height and Weight recording sheet
- Student: Cultural competence and leadership surveys
- Partner: Teacher involvement and approval surveys
- Program: Site involvement and approval surveys, student performance evaluation, program participation and student reflections
For access to evaluation materials, please contact Ann M. Ferris.