First Analysis of Nationwide Trends in the Use of the SNAP-Ed Evaluation Framework


Puma, J.E.; Quinlan, J.; Bruno, P.; Keller, K.; Franck, K.; Lim, S.S.; Draper, C.; Bergling, E.; Foerster, S.


Objective: To understand Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education (SNAP-Ed) Implementing Agencies’(SIAs) use of the SNAP-Ed Evaluation Framework (Framework), which is a tool that includes 51 indicators that SNAP-Ed programs can use to measure the success of their programs in the first 5 years after its release. Methods: A repeated cross-sectional study design was utilized to administer electronic surveys to between 124 and 154 SIAs who received SNAP-Ed funding in fiscal years 2017, 2019, and 2021. Analyses included descriptive statistics and tests of proportions. Results: Most SIAs indicated that they used the Framework to inform both data collection instruments and program planning decisions and the rates remained relatively constant over the 3 time points (> 80%). The most common specific use of the Framework across all 3 time points was to define, count, or measure the work accomplished, but this statistically decreased from 2017 (76%) to 2021 (57%) (z-score = 3.31; P < 0.001). Conclusions and Implications: The results of this analysis confirmed that 5 years after its introduction, uptake and use of the Framework was high and that, as a whole, SIAs focused on priority indicators set by the US Department of Agriculture, with no notable increases in addressing and measuring longer-term, multisector, and population-wide outcomes. The systematic study of the Framework's usability over time has a broader application to other national health promotion initiatives with shared frameworks. © 2022 The Authors


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