Molitor, F.; Doerr, C.
Objective: To examine dietary behaviors and diet quality among caregivers of children regarding the number of policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) change interventions implemented in their neighborhoods. Methods: Households with incomes ≤185% of the federal poverty level were randomly sampled throughout California. A validated 24-h dietary recall assessment tool was administered by telephone. The independent variable was the number of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education PSE change interventions per census tract where the caregivers lived. Results: Most (69.1%) of the 2,222 caregivers were Latino. Policy, systems, and environmental reach predicted decreased intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (P = 0.022, Cohen d = −0.12) and added sugar (P = 0.014, Cohen d = −0.18), and increased Healthy Eating Index–2015 scores (P = 0.046, Cohen d = 0.18), regardless of race and/or ethnicity, age, or reach of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education direct education. Conclusions and Implications: Replication of these methods and findings, and comparisons of dietary outcomes in association with PSE change interventions with and without direct education activities aimed at the same population under study, are encouraged. © 2020 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior