Pope, H.C.; Draper, C.; Younginer, N.; Whitt, O.; Paget, C.
Objective: To develop and validate decision cases as a capacity-building training tool for implementing policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) change strategies. Design: Study phases were: (1) in-depth interviews conducted repeatedly over a year with Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) partner sites and once with SNAP-Ed implementers to identify dilemmas when implementing PSE change strategies; (2) decision cases developed to highlight dilemmas; and (3) focus groups with SNAP-Ed implementers to determine decision case utility as a capacity-building training tool. Setting: A southeastern state. Participants: SNAP-Ed partner sites and implementers; Focus group participants. Intervention: Decision cases. Analysis: To establish content validity, a thematic analysis of interviews identified common dilemmas when implementing PSE change strategies. SNAP-Ed implementers’ focus groups provided feedback to determine the utility and validity of decision cases developed from the analysis. Results: Common dilemmas of implementation of PSE change strategies reported by SNAP-Ed partner sites (n = 20) and implementers (n = 8) were lack of site and educator readiness and capacity; communication breakdowns; and prioritization of nutrition education over PSE implementation. Focus group participants (n = 8) reviewed a case and discussion guide and recommended them as a capacity-building tool for training. Conclusions and Implications: Using decision cases could help build SNAP-Ed implementers’ capacities to implement nutrition PSE change strategies and strengthen partnerships. © 2019